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Composting Methods: Which One Is Right For You?

Written by Bokashi Composting Australia on March 9th, 2016.      0 comments

If you have decided to take the plunge and start composting there are a number of ways you can go about it. The best approach for you will depend on your needs and lifestyle – the following guide will make your decision easy.

Composting Methods

Hot Versus Cold     

Almost all composting methods are considered to be either hot or cold; here is a brief look at the main differences.

Hot composting 

This involves building and maintaining a high temperature at the centre of your compost pile, which is done by turning your compost regularly, keeping it moist and adding enough high-nitrogen materials.  The heat generated breaks down organic matter extremely quickly and can even kill seeds from weeds. 

Cold composting 

To cold compost, simply pile your organic waste and let nature take its course! While virtually no effort is required, this method takes a lot longer to create compost and won’t kill seeds.

Whether you want to compost hot, cold or otherwise, the following are some of your best options. 


Closed Bins 

Closed bin composters are usually bottomless – sitting directly on top of the soil. They feature a lid, through which you can add your organic material, some have a low door for collecting the finished product. 


  • Inexpensive
  • Organic matter is hidden
  • Can handle large volumes
  • Drains excess moisture easily


  • Not always easy to access finished compost 
  • Difficult to turn 
  • Can attract pests 


A variation of the closed bin method, this approach commonly features a closed container mounted on a support structure above the ground. There is a door through which you can add your organics, and a handle attached for turning it. 


  • Organic matter is hidden
  • Easy to turn
  • Highly pest-proof        


  • Expensive
  • Heavy when full
  • Some models are difficult to spin when 2/3 full 
  • The compost has no contact with the soil


Bokashi Composting 

The Bokashi method uses microorganisms to ferment your organic waste, which is then either buried or added to an existing compost pile. 


  • It’s very easy and fast
  • Waste is conveniently collected in the kitchen, without attracting insects
  • Can compost all food waste, including citrus, meat, dairy
  • Produces bokashi juice, a rich liquid fertiliser


  • Requires a constant supply of bokashi mix
  • Limited capacity for waste
  • Requires empty garden space to bury the waste


Vermicomposting – Worm Farms

Certain types of worms will eat your organic waste and turn it into compost via their excrement. Apart from the worms, you will need a 3 or 4 level structure that has decent drainage, good air flow and a ‘bedding’ of moist, shredded paper. 


  • Organic matter is hidden
  • Compact, no garden is required 
  • Produces worm juice, an excellent liquid fertiliser


  • Worms require weekly care, i.e. right temperature & moisture levels
  • Limited capacity for waste
  • Cannot accept all food waste  i.e. citrus, onions 

Inground composting 

This method involves burying your organics directly into the ground. 


  • Free
  • Organic matter is hidden


  • Slow 
  • Labour-intensive
  • Can attract pests
  • Requires empty garden space to bury the waste

Open Bin Systems 

A system of bins where organic materials are separated based on how fresh or decomposed they are. 


  • Easy to turn and harvest
  • Organic matter is partially hidden 
  • Ideal for hot composting


  • Organic matter is partially visible
  • Requires a large space
  • Can attract pests 

There is a composting method that will work well for just about anyone. If you need help deciding, talk to the experts at Bokashi.




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